LORENZ_ODE
The Lorenz System


LORENZ_ODE, a C++ program which approximates solutions to the Lorenz system, creating output files that can be displayed by Gnuplot.

The Lorenz system, originally intended as a simplified model of atmospheric convection, has instead become a standard example of sensitive dependence on initial conditions; that is, tiny differences in the starting condition for the system rapidly become magnified. The system also exhibits what is known as the "Lorenz attractor", that is, the collection of trajectories for different starting points tends to approach a peculiar butterfly-shaped region.

The Lorenz system includes three ordinary differential equations:

        dx/dt = sigma ( y - x )
        dy/dt = x ( rho - z ) - y
        dz/dt = xy - beta z
      
where the parameters beta, rho and sigma are usually assumed to be positive. The classic case uses the parameter values
        beta = 8 / 3
        rho = 28
        sigma - 10
      

The initial conditions for this system are not often specified; rather, investigators simply note that the trajectories associated with two very close starting points will eventually separate. However, simply to get started, we can suggest the following starting values at t=0:

        x = 8
        y = 1
        z = 1
      

Licensing:

The computer code and data files described and made available on this web page are distributed under the GNU LGPL license.

Languages:

LORENZ_ODE is available in a C version and a C++ version and a FORTRAN90 version and a MATLAB version and a Python version.

Related Data and Programs:

lorenz_ode_test

SPRING_ODE2, a C++ program which shows how gnuplot graphics can be used to illustrate a solution of the ordinary differential equation (ODE) that describes the motion of a weight attached to a spring.

Reference:

  1. Edward Lorenz,
    Deterministic Nonperiodic Flow,
    Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences,
    Volume 20, Number 2, 1963, pages 130-141.

Source Code:


Last revised on 26 March 2020.