# subset

subset, a Python code which enumerates, generates, randomizes, ranks and unranks combinatorial objects including combinations, compositions, Gray codes, index sets, partitions, permutations, polynomials, subsets, and Young tables. Backtracking routines are included to solve some combinatorial problems. Other routines handle continued fractions, Diophantine equations, and Pythagorean triples.

Combinatorial operations include the enumeration, generation, random selection, ranking and unranking of

• COMP, compositions of an integer;
• COMPNZ, compositions of an integer with no zero parts;
• EQUIV's, partitions of a set of N objects;
• I4_PARTITION's, partitions of an integer;
• I4POLY's, integer polynomials in factorial, Newton, power sum, or Taylor form;
• I4VEC's, integer vectors;
• KSUB's, subsets of size K, from a set of N objects;
• MULTIPERM's, permutations of the N objects, some of which are indistinguishable.
• PERM's, permutations of the first N integers;
• R8POLY's, real polynomials in factorial, Newton, power sum, or Taylor form;
• subsets of a set of N objects;
• vectors whose entries range from 1 to N;
• YTB's, Young tables;

Other objects considered include

• the Bell numbers,
• Catalan numbers,
• congruence equations.
• continued fractions,
• DEC's, decimal numbers represented as a mantissa and a power of 10;
• DERANGE's, derangements (permutations that leave no element in place),
• DVEC's, decimal numbers represented as a vector of digits;
• falling factorials (20*19*18...),
• GRAY, Gray codes,
• matrix permanents (similar to determinants, but harder to compute, if you can believe that),
• Morse-Thue numbers,
• pentagonal numbers,
• primitive Pythagorean triples: relatively prime integers such that a^2 + b^2 = c^2
• RAT's, rational numbers represented as a pair of integers;
• rising factorials (7*8*9...).

### Languages:

subset is available in a C version and a C++ version and a Fortran90 version and a MATLAB version and an Octave version and a Python version.

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### Source Code:

Last revised on 17 October 2020.