**geometry**,
a Python code which
carries out geometric calculations in 2, 3 and N space.

These calculations include angles, areas, containment, distances, intersections, lengths, and volumes.

Some geometric objects can be described in a variety of ways. For instance, a line has implicit, explicit and parametric representations. The names of routines often will specify the representation used, and there are routines to convert from one representation to another.

Another useful task is the delineation of a standard geometric object. For instance, there is a routine that will return the location of the vertices of an octahedron, and others to produce a series of "equally spaced" points on a circle, ellipse, sphere, or within the interior of a triangle.

The computer code and data files described and made available on this web page are distributed under the GNU LGPL license.

**geometry** is available in
a C version and
a C++ version and
a FORTRAN90 version and
a MATLAB version and
a Python version.

ellipse, a Python code which carries out geometric calculations for ellipses and ellipsoids, including area, distance to a point, eccentricity, perimeter, points along the perimeter, random sampling, conversion between standard and quadratic forms.

hypersphere, a Python code which carries out various operations for a D-dimensional hypersphere, including converting between Cartesian and spherical coordinates, stereographic projection, sampling the surface of the sphere, and computing the surface area and volume.

polygon, a Python code which computes properties of an arbitrary polygon in the plane, defined by a sequence of vertices, including interior angles, area, centroid, containment of a point, convexity, diameter, distance to a point, inradius, lattice area, nearest point in set, outradius, uniform sampling, and triangulation.

tetrahedron, a Python code which carries out geometric calculations involving a general tetrahedron, including solid and facial angles, face areas, point containment, distances to a point, circumsphere and insphere, measures of shape quality, centroid, barycentric coordinates, edges and edge lengths, random sampling, and volumes.

triangle, a Python code which computes properties, including angles, area, centroid, circumcircle, edge lengths, incircle, orientation, orthocenter, and quality, of a triangle in 2D.

- geometry.py, calls all the tests.
- geometry.sh, runs all the tests.
- geometry.txt, the output file.