test_approx, a FORTRAN90 code which provides sets of test data for approximation algorithms.
The code contains a number of vectors of data (X(1:N),Y(1:N)) for which no underlying functional relationship is given.
The task of interpolation software is to find, from some given class of functions, the function G(X) which exactly matches the known data values. That is, G(X(1:N)) = Y(1:N).
The task of approximation software is to find, from some given class of functions, the function H(X) for which some approximation error is minimized. There are many forms of error measurement. For instance, the error might simply be the sum of the differences of the function and the data at the data abscissas:
l1(X) = sum ( 1 <= I <= N ) abs ( H(X(I)) - Y(I) )or the square root of the sum of squares
l2(X) = sqrt ( sum ( 1 <= I <= N ) ( H(X(I)) - Y(I) )**2 )or the maximum pointwise error:
l_inf(X) = max ( abs ( H(X(I)) - Y(I) ) )In cases where a functional form is given, the error might be measured in terms of the integral of the absolute value of the difference over some interval:
L1(X,A,B) = integral ( A <= X <= B ) abs ( H(X) - F(X) ) dxand so on.
The problems available include:
The computer code and data files described and made available on this web page are distributed under the MIT license
test_approx is available in a C version and a C++ version and a FORTRAN90 version and a MATLAB version.
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