# ball_integrals

ball_integrals, a FORTRAN90 code which returns the exact value of the integral of any monomial over the interior of the unit ball in 3D.

The interior of the unit ball in 3D is defined by

x^2 + y^2 + z^2 <= 1

The integrands are all of the form

f(x,y,z) = x^e1 * y^e2 * z^e3

where the exponents are nonnegative integers. If any exponent is an odd integer, the integral will be zero. Thus, the "interesting" results occur when all exponents are even.

### Languages:

ball_integrals is available in a C version and a C++ version and a FORTRAN90 version and a MATLAB version and a Python version.

### Related Data and Programs:

BALL_MONTE_CARLO, a FORTRAN90 code which uses the Monte Carlo method to estimate the integral of a function over the interior of the unit ball in 3D.

CIRCLE_INTEGRALS, a FORTRAN90 code which returns the exact value of the integral of any monomial over the surface of the unit circle in 2D.

CUBE_INTEGRALS, a FORTRAN90 code which returns the exact value of the integral of any monomial over the interior of the unit cube in 3D.

DISK01_INTEGRALS, a FORTRAN90 code which returns the exact value of the integral of any monomial over the interior of the unit disk in 2D.

HYPERBALL_INTEGRALS, a FORTRAN90 code which returns the exact value of the integral of any monomial over the interior of the unit hyperball in M dimensions.

HYPERCUBE_INTEGRALS, a FORTRAN90 code which returns the exact value of the integral of any monomial over the interior of the unit hypercube in M dimensions.

HYPERSPHERE_INTEGRALS, a FORTRAN90 code which returns the exact value of the integral of any monomial over the surface of the unit hypersphere in M dimensions.

LINE_INTEGRALS, a FORTRAN90 code which returns the exact value of the integral of any monomial over the length of the unit line in 1D.

POLYGON_INTEGRALS, a FORTRAN90 code which returns the exact value of the integral of any monomial over the interior of a polygon in 2D.

PYRAMID_INTEGRALS, a FORTRAN90 code which returns the exact value of the integral of any monomial over the interior of the unit pyramid in 3D.

SIMPLEX_INTEGRALS, a FORTRAN90 code which returns the exact value of the integral of any monomial over the interior of the unit simplex in M dimensions.

SPHERE_INTEGRALS, a FORTRAN90 code which returns the exact value of the integral of any monomial over the surface of the unit sphere in 3D.

SQUARE_INTEGRALS, a FORTRAN90 code which returns the exact value of the integral of any monomial over the interior of the unit square in 2D.

TETRAHEDRON_INTEGRALS, a FORTRAN90 code which returns the exact value of the integral of any monomial over the interior of the unit tetrahedron in 3D.

TRIANGLE_INTEGRALS, a FORTRAN90 code which returns the exact value of the integral of any monomial over the interior of the unit triangle in 2D.

WEDGE_INTEGRALS, a FORTRAN90 code which returns the exact value of the integral of any monomial over the interior of the unit wedge in 3D.

### Reference:

1. Gerald Folland,
How to Integrate a Polynomial Over a Sphere,
American Mathematical Monthly,
Volume 108, Number 5, May 2001, pages 446-448.

### Source Code:

Last revised on 01 September 2021.