# van_der_corput

van_der_corput, a C code which computes the van der Corput Quasi Monte Carlo (QMC) sequence, using a simple interface.

The van der Corput sequence generates a sequence of points in [0,1] which never repeats. For positive index I, the elements of the van der Corput sequence are strictly between 0 and 1.

The I-th element of the van der Corput sequence is computed by writing I in the base B (usually 2) and then reflecting its digits about the decimal point. For example, if we start with I = 11, its binary expansion is 1011, and so its reflected binary expansion is 0.1101 which is 1/2+1/4+1/16=0.8125.

The generation is quite simple. Given an index I, the expansion of I in base B is generated. Then, essentially, the result R is generated by writing a decimal point followed by the digits of the expansion of I, in reverse order. This decimal value is actually still in base B, so it must be properly interpreted to generate a usable value.

Here is an example in base 2:
I (decimal) I (binary) R (binary) R (decimal)
00.00.0
11.10.5
210.010.25
311.110.75
4100.0010.125
5101.1010.625
6110.0110.375
7111.1110.875
81000.00010.0625

### Languages:

van_der_corput is available in a C version and a C++ version and a FORTRAN90 version and a MATLAB version and a Python version.

### Related Data and Programs:

HALTON, a C code which computes elements of a Halton Quasi Monte Carlo (QMC) sequence, using a simple interface.

HAMMERSLEY, a C code which computes elements of a Hammersley Quasi Monte Carlo (QMC) sequence, using a simple interface.

LATIN_RANDOM, a C code which computes elements of a Latin Hypercube dataset, choosing points at random.

NORMAL, a C code which computes elements of a sequence of pseudorandom normally distributed values.

UNIFORM, a C code which computes elements of a uniform pseudorandom sequence.

VAN_DER_CORPUT, a dataset directory which contains datasets of van der Corput sequences.

### Reference:

1. J G van der Corput,
Verteilungsfunktionen I & II,