laplace_mpi, a C code which solves Laplace's equation in a rectangle, using MPI for parallel execution.
Laplace's equation can be thought of as a heat equation. For a scalar variable u(x,y), it has the form:
d2 u d2 u - ----- - ---- = 0 dx2 dy2with the value of u(x,y) specified along the boundary of the rectangle.
This code uses a finite difference scheme to solve Laplace's equation for a square matrix distributed over a square (logical) processor topology. A complete description of the algorithm is found in the reference by Fox.
This code works on the SPMD (single code, multiple data) paradigm. It illustrates 2D block decomposition, nodes exchanging edge values, and convergence checking.
Each matrix element is updated based on the values of the four neighboring matrix elements. This process is repeated until the data converges, that is, until the average change in any matrix element (compared to the value 20 iterations previous) is smaller than a specified value.
To ensure reproducible results between runs, a red/black checkerboard algorithm is used. Each process exchanges edge values with its four neighbors. Then new values are calculated for the upper left and lower right corners (the "red" corners) of each node's matrix. The processes exchange edge values again. The upper right and lower left corners (the "black" corners) are then calculated.
The code is currently configured for a 48x48 matrix distributed over four processors. It can be edited to handle different matrix sizes or number of processors, as long as the matrix can be divided evenly between the processors.
The computer code and data files made available on this web page are distributed under the GNU LGPL license.
laplace_mpi is available in a C version.
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Sequential C version by Robb Newman; MPI C version by Xianneng Shen.