FD1D_ADVECTION_FTCS
Finite Difference Method
1D Advection Equation
Forward Time Difference, Centered Space Difference


FD1D_ADVECTION_FTCS is a MATLAB program which applies the finite difference method to solve the time-dependent advection equation ut = - c * ux in one spatial dimension, with a constant velocity, using the FTCS method, forward time difference, centered space difference.

We solve the constant-velocity advection equation in 1D,

        du/dt = - c du/dx
      
over the interval:
        0.0 <= x <= 1.0
      
with periodic boundary conditions, and with a given initial condition
        u(0,x) = (10x-4)^2 (6-10x)^2 for 0.4 <= x <= 0.6
               = 0 elsewhere.
      

We use a method known as FTCS:

The FTCS method is unstable for the advection problem. One purpose of this example is to demonstrate that fact.

For our simple case, the advection velocity is constant in time and space. Therefore, (given our periodic boundary conditions), the solution should simply move smoothly from left to right, returning on the left again. Instead, because of the instabilities, we see that the solution quickly becomes dominated by erroneous oscillations.

There are more sophisticated methods for the advection problem, which do not exhibit this behavior.

Licensing:

The computer code and data files described and made available on this web page are distributed under the GNU LGPL license.

Languages:

FD1D_ADVECTION_FTCS is available in a C version and a C++ version and a FORTRAN77 version and a FORTRAN90 version and a MATLAB version.

Related Data and Programs:

FD1D_ADVECTION_DIFFUSION_STEADY, a MATLAB program which applies the finite difference method to solve the steady advection diffusion equation v*ux-k*uxx=0 in one spatial dimension, with constant velocity v and diffusivity k.

FD1D_ADVECTION_LAX, a MATLAB program which applies the finite difference method to solve the time-dependent advection equation ut = - c * ux in one spatial dimension, with a constant velocity, using the Lax method to treat the time derivative.

FD1D_ADVECTION_LAX_WENDROFF, a MATLAB program which applies the finite difference method to solve the time-dependent advection equation ut = - c * ux in one spatial dimension, with a constant velocity, using the Lax-Wendroff method to treat the time derivative.

FD1D_BURGERS_LAX, a MATLAB program which applies the finite difference method and the Lax-Wendroff method to solve the non-viscous time-dependent Burgers equation in one spatial dimension.

FD1D_BURGERS_LEAP, a MATLAB program which applies the finite difference method and the leapfrog approach to solve the non-viscous time-dependent Burgers equation in one spatial dimension.

FD1D_BVP, a MATLAB program which applies the finite difference method to a two point boundary value problem in one spatial dimension.

FD1D_HEAT_EXPLICIT, a MATLAB program which uses the finite difference method and explicit time stepping to solve the time dependent heat equation in 1D.

FD1D_HEAT_IMPLICIT, a MATLAB program which uses the finite difference method and implicit time stepping to solve the time dependent heat equation in 1D.

FD1D_HEAT_STEADY, a MATLAB program which uses the finite difference method to solve the steady (time independent) heat equation in 1D.

FD1D_PREDATOR_PREY, a MATLAB program which implements a finite difference algorithm for predator-prey system with spatial variation in 1D.

FD1D_WAVE, a MATLAB program which applies the finite difference method to solve the time-dependent wave equation utt = c * uxx in one spatial dimension.

Reference:

  1. George Lindfield, John Penny,
    Numerical Methods Using MATLAB,
    Second Edition,
    Prentice Hall, 1999,
    ISBN: 0-13-012641-1,
    LC: QA297.P45.

Source Code:

Examples and Tests:

You can go up one level to the MATLAB source codes.


Last revised on 25 December 2012.