Carrying Out Multiple "Tasks" in OpenMP

MULTITASK_OPENMP is a FORTRAN77 program which demonstrates how to multitask, that is, to execute several unrelated and distinct tasks simultaneously, using OpenMP for parallel execution.

This program demonstrates how OpenMP can be used for multitasking, that is, a simple kind of parallel processing in which a certain number of perhaps quite unrelated tasks must be done.

The OpenMP SECTIONS directive identifies the portion of the program where the code for these tasks is given.

The OpenMP SECTION directive is used repeatedly to divide this area of the program into independent tasks.

The code will get the benefit of parallel processing up to the point where there are as many threads as there are tasks.

The code will get a substantial speedup if the tasks take roughly the same amount of time. However, if one task takes substantially more time than the others, this results in a limit to the parallel speedup that is possible.


The computer code and data files described and made available on this web page are distributed under the GNU LGPL license.


MULTITASK_OPENMP is available in a C version and a C++ version and a FORTRAN77 version and a FORTRAN90 version.

Related Data and Programs:

DIJKSTRA_OPENMP, a FORTRAN77 program which uses OpenMP to parallelize a simple example of Dijkstra's minimum distance algorithm for graphs.

FFT_OPENMP, a FORTRAN77 program which demonstrates the computation of a Fast Fourier Transform in parallel, using OpenMP.

HEATED_PLATE_OPENMP, a FORTRAN77 program which solves the steady (time independent) heat equation in a 2D rectangular region, using OpenMP to run in parallel.

HELLO_OPENMP, a FORTRAN77 program which prints out "Hello, world!" using the OpenMP parallel programming environment.

MANDELBROT_OPENMP, a FORTRAN77 program which generates an ASCII Portable Pixel Map (PPM) image of the Mandelbrot fractal set, using OpenMP for parallel execution.

MD_OPENMP, a FORTRAN77 program which carries out a molecular dynamics simulation in parallel, using OpenMP.

MULTITASK_MPI, a FORTRAN77 program which demonstrates how to "multitask", that is, to execute several unrelated and distinct tasks simultaneously, using MPI for parallel execution.

MXM_OPENMP, a FORTRAN77 program which computes a dense matrix product C=A*B, using OpenMP for parallel execution.

MXV_OPENMP, a FORTRAN77 program which compares the performance of plain vanilla Fortran and the FORTRAN77 intrinsic routine MATMUL, for the matrix multiplication problem y=A*x, with and without parallelization by OpenMP.

OPENMP, FORTRAN77 programs which illustrate the use of the OpenMP application program interface for carrying out parallel computations in a shared memory environment.

POISSON_OPENMP, a FORTRAN77 program which computes an approximate solution to the Poisson equation in a rectangle, using the Jacobi iteration to solve the linear system, and OpenMP to carry out the Jacobi iteration in parallel.

PRIME_OPENMP, a FORTRAN77 program which counts the number of primes between 1 and N, using OpenMP for parallel execution.

QUAD_OPENMP, a FORTRAN77 program which approximates an integral using a quadrature rule, and carries out the computation in parallel using OpenMP.

RANDOM_OPENMP, a FORTRAN77 program which illustrates how a parallel program using OpenMP can generate multiple distinct streams of random numbers.

SATISFY_OPENMP, a FORTRAN77 program which demonstrates, for a particular circuit, an exhaustive search for solutions of the circuit satisfy problem, using OpenMP for parallel execution.

SCHEDULE_OPENMP, a FORTRAN77 program which demonstrates the default, static, and dynamic methods of "scheduling" loop iterations in OpenMP to avoid work imbalance.

SGEFA_OPENMP, a FORTRAN77 program which reimplements the SGEFA/SGESL linear algebra routines from LINPACK for use with OpenMP.

ZIGGURAT_OPENMP, a FORTRAN77 program which demonstrates how the ZIGGURAT library can be used to generate random numbers in an OpenMP parallel program.


  1. Peter Arbenz, Wesley Petersen,
    Introduction to Parallel Computing - A practical guide with examples in C,
    Oxford University Press,
    ISBN: 0-19-851576-6,
    LC: QA76.58.P47.
  2. Rohit Chandra, Leonardo Dagum, Dave Kohr, Dror Maydan, Jeff McDonald, Ramesh Menon,
    Parallel Programming in OpenMP,
    Morgan Kaufmann, 2001,
    ISBN: 1-55860-671-8,
    LC: QA76.642.P32.
  3. Barbara Chapman, Gabriele Jost, Ruud vanderPas, David Kuck,
    Using OpenMP: Portable Shared Memory Parallel Processing,
    MIT Press, 2007,
    ISBN13: 978-0262533027.
  4. The OpenMP web site
  5. OpenMP Architecture Review Board,
    OpenMP Application Program Interface,
    Version 3.0,
    May 2008.

Source Code:

Examples and Tests:

MULTITASK_LOCAL compiles, links, loads and runs the program using 1, 2 and 4 threads, the local interactive environment, and the GFORTRAN compiler.

You can go up one level to the FORTRAN77 source codes.

Last revised on 19 October 2011.