# HERMITE_RULE Gauss-Hermite Quadrature Rules

HERMITE_RULE is a C program which generates a specific Gauss-Hermite quadrature rule, based on user input.

The rule is written to three files for easy use as input to other programs.

The Gauss-Hermite quadrature rule is used as follows:

```        c * Integral ( -oo < x < +oo ) f(x) exp ( - b * ( x - a )^2 ) dx
```
is to be approximated by
```        Sum ( 1 <= i <= order ) w(i) * f(x(i))
```
Generally, a Gauss-Hermite quadrature rule of n points will produce the exact integral when f(x) is a polynomial of degree 2n-1 or less.

The value of C in front of the integral depends on the user's choice of the SCALE parameter:

• scale=0, then C = 1; this is the standard choice for Gauss-Hermite quadrature.
• scale=1, then C is a normalization factor so that f(x)=1 will integrate to 1. This implies in turn that the weights will sum to 1. This choice is appropriate when using the rule to compute probabilities.

### Usage:

hermite_rule order a b scale filename
where
• order is the number of points in the quadrature rule.
• a is the center point (default 0);
• b is the scale factor (default 1);
• scale is the normalization option (0/1). If nonzero, then the weights are normalized to have unit sum;
• filename specifies the output filenames: filename_w.txt, filename_x.txt, and filename_r.txt, containing the weights, abscissas, and interval limits.

### Licensing:

The computer code and data files described and made available on this web page are distributed under the GNU LGPL license.

### Languages:

HERMITE_RULE is available in a C version and a C++ version and a FORTRAN77 version and a FORTRAN90 version and a MATLAB version.

### Related Data and Programs:

CCN_RULE, a C program which defines one of a set of nested Clenshaw Curtis quadrature rules.

CLENSHAW_CURTIS_RULE, a C program which defines a Clenshaw Curtis quadrature rule.

HERMITE_EXACTNESS, a C program which tests the polynomial exactness of Gauss-Hermite quadrature rules for estimating the integral of a function with density exp(-x^2) over the interval (-oo,+oo).

HERMITE_TEST_INT, a C library which defines test integrands for Hermite integrals with interval (-oo,+oo) and density exp(-x^2).

LAGUERRE_RULE, a C program which can compute and print a Gauss-Laguerre quadrature rule for estimating the integral of a function with density exp(-x) over the interval [0,+oo).

LEGENDRE_RULE, a C program which computes a Gauss-Legendre quadrature rule.

LINE_FELIPPA_RULE, a C library which returns the points and weights of a Felippa quadrature rule over the interior of a line segment in 1D.

LINE_NCO_RULE, a C library which computes a Newton Cotes Open (NCO) quadrature rule, using equally spaced points, over the interior of a line segment in 1D.

QUADRATURE_RULES_HERMITE_PHYSICIST, a dataset directory which contains Gauss-Hermite quadrature rules, for integration on the interval (-oo,+oo), with weight function exp(-x^2).

QUADRATURE_RULES_HERMITE_PROBABILIST, a dataset directory which contains Gauss-Hermite quadrature rules, for integration on the interval (-oo,+oo), with weight function exp(-x^2/2).

QUADRATURE_RULES_HERMITE_UNWEIGHTED, a dataset directory which contains Gauss-Hermite quadrature rules, for integration on the interval (-oo,+oo), with weight function 1.

TRUNCATED_NORMAL_RULE, a C program which computes a quadrature rule for a normal probability density function (PDF), also called a Gaussian distribution, that has been truncated to [A,+oo), (-oo,B] or [A,B].

### Reference:

1. Milton Abramowitz, Irene Stegun,
Handbook of Mathematical Functions,
National Bureau of Standards, 1964,
ISBN: 0-486-61272-4,
LC: QA47.A34.
2. Philip Davis, Philip Rabinowitz,
Methods of Numerical Integration,
Second Edition,
Dover, 2007,
ISBN: 0486453391,
LC: QA299.3.D28.
3. Sylvan Elhay, Jaroslav Kautsky,
Algorithm 655: IQPACK, FORTRAN Subroutines for the Weights of Interpolatory Quadrature,
ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software,
Volume 13, Number 4, December 1987, pages 399-415.
4. Jaroslav Kautsky, Sylvan Elhay,
Calculation of the Weights of Interpolatory Quadratures,
Numerische Mathematik,
Volume 40, 1982, pages 407-422.
5. Roger Martin, James Wilkinson,
The Implicit QL Algorithm,
Numerische Mathematik,
Volume 12, Number 5, December 1968, pages 377-383.
6. Arthur Stroud, Don Secrest,
Prentice Hall, 1966,
LC: QA299.4G3S7.

### Examples and Tests:

HERM_O4 is a Hermite rule of order 4, created by the command

```        hermite_rule 4 0.0 1.0 0, herm_o4
```

### List of Routines:

• MAIN is the main program for HERMITE_RULE.
• CDGQF computes a Gauss quadrature formula with default A, B and simple knots.
• CGQF computes knots and weights of a Gauss quadrature formula.
• CLASS_MATRIX computes the Jacobi matrix for a quadrature rule.
• IMTQLX diagonalizes a symmetric tridiagonal matrix.
• PARCHK checks parameters ALPHA and BETA for classical weight functions.
• R8_ABS returns the absolute value of an R8.
• R8_EPSILON returns the R8 roundoff unit.
• R8_HUGE returns a "huge" R8.
• R8_SIGN returns the sign of an R8.
• R8MAT_WRITE writes an R8MAT file with no header.
• RULE_WRITE writes a quadrature rule to three files.
• SCQF scales a quadrature formula to a nonstandard interval.
• SGQF computes knots and weights of a Gauss Quadrature formula.
• TIMESTAMP prints the current YMDHMS date as a time stamp.

You can go up one level to the C source codes.

Last revised on 06 February 2014.