function pi = shape_ray_int_2d ( center, p1, nside, pa, pb )
%*****************************************************************************80
%
%% shape_ray_int_2d(): intersection ( regular shape, ray ) in 2D.
%
% Discussion:
%
% The "regular shape" is assumed to be an equilateral and equiangular
% polygon, such as the standard square, pentagon, hexagon, and so on.
%
% The origin of the ray is assumed to be inside the shape. This
% guarantees that the ray will intersect the shape in exactly one point.
%
% Licensing:
%
% This code is distributed under the MIT license.
%
% Modified:
%
% 04 December 2010
%
% Author:
%
% John Burkardt
%
% Input:
%
% real CENTER(2,1), the center of the shape.
%
% real P1(2,1), the first vertex of the shape.
%
% integer NSIDE, the number of sides in the shape.
%
% real PA(2,1), the origin of the ray.
%
% real PB(2,1), a second point on the ray.
%
% Output:
%
% real PI(2,1), the point on the shape intersected
% by the ray.
%
%
% Warning!
% No check is made to ensure that the ray origin is inside the shape.
% These calculations are not valid if that is not true!
%
% Determine the angle subtended by a single side.
%
sector_angle = 360.0 / nside;
%
% How long is the half-diagonal?
%
radius = sqrt ( sum ( ( p1(1:2,1) - center(1:2,1) ).^2 ) );
%
% If the radius is zero, refuse to continue.
%
if ( radius == 0.0 )
fprintf ( 1, '\n' );
fprintf ( 1, 'SHAPE_RAY_INT_2D - Fatal error!\n' );
fprintf ( 1, ' The shape has radius zero.\n' );
error ( 'SHAPE_RAY_INT_2D - Fatal error!' );
end
%
% Determine which sector side intersects the ray.
%
v2(1:2,1) = [ 0.0; 0.0 ];
for sector_index = 1 : nside
%
% Determine the two vertices that define this sector.
%
if ( sector_index == 1 )
angle2 = ( sector_index - 1 ) * sector_angle;
angle2 = degrees_to_radians ( angle2 );
v1 = vector_rotate_base_2d ( p1, center, angle2 );
else
v1(1:2,1) = v2(1:2,1);
end
angle2 = ( sector_index ) * sector_angle;
angle2 = degrees_to_radians ( angle2 );
v2 = vector_rotate_base_2d ( p1, center, angle2 );
%
% Draw the angle from one vertex to the ray origin to the next vertex,
% and see if that angle contains the ray. If so, then the ray
% must intersect the shape side of that sector.
%
inside = angle_contains_point_2d ( v1, pa, v2, pb );
if ( inside )
%
% Determine the intersection of the lines defined by the ray and the
% sector side. (We're already convinced that the ray and sector line
% segment intersect, so we can use the simpler code that treats them
% as full lines).
%
[ ival, pi ] = lines_exp_int_2d ( pa, pb, v1, v2 );
return
end
end
%
% If the calculation fell through the loop, then something's wrong.
%
fprintf ( 1, '\n' );
fprintf ( 1, 'SHAPE_RAY_INT_2D - Fatal error!\n' );
fprintf ( 1, ' Cannot find intersection of ray and shape.\n' );
error ( 'SHAPE_RAY_INT_2D - Fatal error!' );
return
end