Multivariate Products of Legendre Polynomials

**LEGENDRE_PRODUCT_POLYNOMIAL**,
a Python library which
can define a Legendre product polynomial (LPP), creating a multivariate
polynomial as the product of univariate Legendre polynomials.

The Legendre polynomials are a polynomial sequence L(I,X), with polynomial I having degree I.

The first few Legendre polynomials are

0: 1 1: x 2: 3/2 x^2 - 1/2 3: 5/2 x^3 - 3/2 x 4: 35/8 x^4 - 30/8 x^2 + 3/8 5: 63/8 x^5 - 70/8 x^3 + 15/8 x

A Legendre product polynomial may be defined in a space of M dimensions by choosing M indices. To evaluate the polynomial at a point X, compute the product of the corresponding Legendre polynomials, with each the I-th polynomial evaluated at the I-th coordinate:

L((I1,I2,...IM),X) = L(1,X(1)) * L(2,X(2)) * ... * L(M,X(M)).

Families of polynomials which are formed in this way can have useful properties for interpolation, derivable from the properties of the 1D family.

While it is useful to generate a Legendre product polynomial from its index set, and it is easy to evaluate it directly, the sum of two Legendre product polynomials cannot be reduced to a single Legendre product polynomial. Thus, it may be useful to generate the Legendre product polynomial from its indices, but then to convert it to a standard polynomial form.

The representation of arbitrary multivariate polynomials can be complicated. In this library, we have chosen a representation involving the spatial dimension M, and three pieces of data, O, C and E.

- O is the number of terms in the polynomial.
- C() is a real vector of length O, containing the coefficients of each term.
- E() is an integer vector of length O, which defines the index (the exponents of X(1) through X(M)) of each term.

The exponent indexing is done in a natural way, suggested by the following indexing for the case M = 2:

1: x^0 y^0 2: x^0 y^1 3: x^1 y^0 4: x^0 y^2 5: x^1 y^1 6; x^2 y^0 7: x^0 y^3 8: x^1 y^2 9: x^2 y^1 10: x^3 y^0 ...

The computer code and data files described and made available on this web page are distributed under the GNU LGPL license.

**LEGENDRE_PRODUCT_POLYNOMIAL** is available in
a C version and
a C++ version and
a FORTRAN90 version and
a MATLAB version and
a Python version.

LEGENDRE_POLYNOMIAL, a Python library which evaluates the Legendre polynomial and associated functions.

LEGENDRE_SHIFTED_POLYNOMIAL, a Python library which evaluates the shifted Legendre polynomial, with domain [0,1].

MONOMIAL, a Python library which enumerates, lists, ranks, unranks and randomizes multivariate monomials in a space of M dimensions, with total degree less than N, equal to N, or lying within a given range.

POLYNOMIAL, a Python library which adds, multiplies, differentiates, evaluates and prints multivariate polynomials in a space of M dimensions.

SUBSET, a Python library which enumerates, generates, ranks and unranks combinatorial objects including combinations, compositions, Gray codes, index sets, partitions, permutations, subsets, and Young tables.

- comp_enum.py, enumerates the compositions of an integer into K parts.
- comp_next_grlex.py, returns the next composition of an integer into K parts, using grlex order.
- comp_random_grlex.py, returns a random composition of an integer into K parts, with the integer between 0 and N.
- comp_rank_grlex.py, ranks a composition of an integer into K parts, using grlex order.
- comp_unrank_grlex.py, returns the composition of an integer into K parts of a given rank, using grlex order.
- i4_choose.py, computes the binomial coefficient C(N,K) as an I4.
- i4_uniform_ab.py, returns a random integer in a given range.
- i4vec_permute.py, applies a 0-based permutation to an I4VEC.
- i4vec_print.py, prints an I4VEC.
- i4vec_sort_heap_index_a.py, returns an index vector to ascending sort an I4VEC.
- i4vec_sum.py, sums an I4VEC.
- i4vec_uniform_ab.py, returns a scaled pseudorandom I4VEC between A and B.
- lp_coefficients.py, returns the coefficients of a Legendre polynomial
- lp_value.py, evaluates a Legendre polynomial at a point.
- lp_values.py, returns a table of sample values of Legendre polynomials.
- lpp_to_polynomial.py, converts a Legendre Product Polynomial to standard polynomial form.
- lpp_value.py, evaluates a Legendre Product Polynomial at a point.
- mono_next_grlex.py, next monomial in grlex order.
- mono_print.py, prints a monomial.
- mono_rank_grlex.py, returns the grlex rank of a monomial in the sequence of all monomials in D dimensions of degree N or less.
- mono_unrank_grlex.py, given the grlex rank, returns the corresponding monomial in the sequence of all monomials in M dimensions.
- mono_upto_enum.py, enumerates monomials in D dimensions of degree between 0 and N.
- mono_upto_next_grlex.py, next monomial in grlex order, total degree up to N.
- mono_upto_random.py, random monomial with total degree up to N.
- mono_value.py, evaluates a monomial.
- perm_check0.py, checks a 0-based permutation.
- perm_uniform.py, randomly selects a permutation of the integers 0 through N-1.
- polynomial_compress.py, "compresses" a polynomial by merging coefficients associated with the same monomial.
- polynomial_print.py, prints a polynomial.
- polynomial_sort.py, sorts the terms in a polynomial.
- polynomial_value.py, evaluates a polynomial.
- r8mat_print.py, prints an R8MAT.
- r8mat_print_some.py, prints some of an R8MAT.
- r8mat_uniform_ab.py, returns a scaled pseudorandom R8MAT.
- r8vec_permute.py, permutes an R8VEC.
- r8vec_print.py, prints an R8VEC.
- r8vec_uniform_ab.py, returns a random real vector in [A,B].
- timestamp.py, prints the YMDHMS date as a timestamp.

- lpp_test.sh, runs all the tests;
- lpp_test.py, calls all the tests;
- lpp_test.txt, the output file.

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