Voronoi Diagram Data

TABLE_VORONOI is a MATLAB program which reads in a dataset describing a 2D pointset, and prints out information defining the Voronoi diagram of the pointset.

TABLE_VORONOI is based on the GEOMPACK library of Barry Joe, which computes the Delaunay triangulation. The main work that TABLE_VORONOI does is to analyze that Delaunay information and work out the location of the Voronoi vertices, and their specific arrangement around each of the original data nodes.

TABLE_VORONOI is a work in progress; the output is currently simply printed, which is not very useful except for toy problems; printed output is of very little use for big problems. To handle big, interesting problems, I have to think about how to store this information in a useful and accessible data structure.

Moreover, I haven't thought enough about how to deal with the inevitable "infinite" Voronoi cells.

The program begins with the pointset, of which a typical element is a point G. Each G generates a Voronoi polygon (or semi-infinite region, which we will persist in calling a polygon). A typical vertex of the polygon is called V. For the semi-infinite regions, we have a vertex at infinity, but it's really not helpful to store a vertex (Inf,Inf), since we have lost information about the direction from which we reach that infinite vertex. We will have to treat these special regions with a little extra care.

We are interested in computing the following quantities:

So if we have to draw a semi-infinite region, we start at infinity. We then need to draw a line from infinity to vertex #2. We do so by drawing a line in the appropriate direction, stored in I_XY. Having safely reached finite vertex #2, we can connect the finite vertices, until it is time to draw another line to infinity, this time in another direction, also stored in I_XY.


table_voronoi ( 'file_name.xy' )


The computer code and data files described and made available on this web page are distributed under the GNU LGPL license.


TABLE_VORONOI is available in a C++ version and a FORTRAN90 version and a MATLAB version.

Related Data and Programs:

GEOMPACK, a MATLAB library which supplies the routines used to compute the Voronoi information.

VORONOI_DISPLAY, a MATLAB program which computes the exact Voronoi diagram using geompack, and displays it.

VORONOI_NEIGHBORS, a MATLAB program which is given a set of points in the plane and determines the Voronoi adjacency structure, that is, which points share an edge of the Voronoi diagram.


  1. Franz Aurenhammer,
    Voronoi diagrams - a study of a fundamental geometric data structure,
    ACM Computing Surveys,
    Volume 23, Number 3, pages 345-405, September 1991.
  2. Jacob Goodman, Joseph ORourke, editors,
    Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry,
    Second Edition,
    CRC/Chapman and Hall, 2004,
    ISBN: 1-58488-301-4,
    LC: QA167.H36.
  3. Barry Joe,
    GEOMPACK - a software package for the generation of meshes using geometric algorithms,
    Advances in Engineering Software,
    Volume 13, pages 325-331, 1991.

Source Code:

Examples and Tests:

You can go up one level to the MATLAB source codes.

Last revised on 30 November 2013.