# NCO_TRIANGLE Newton-Cotes Open Quadrature Rules for the Triangle

NCO_TRIANGLE is a FORTRAN90 library which defines the weights and abscisass for a sequence of 9 Newton-Cotes open quadrature rules for the triangle.

Newton-Cotes rules have the characteristic that the abscissas are equally spaced. For a triangle, this refers to spacing in the unit reference triangle, or in the barycentric coordinate system. These rules may be mapped to an arbitrary triangle, and will still be valid.

The rules are said to be "open" when they do not include points on the boundary of the triangle.

The use of equally spaced abscissas may be important for your application. That may how your data was collected, for instance. On the other hand, the use of equally spaced abscissas carries a few costs. In particular, for a given degree of polynomial accuracy, there will be rules that achieve this accuracy, but use fewer abscissas than Newton-Cotes. Moreover, the Newton-Cotes approach almost always results in negative weights for some abscissas. This is generally an undesirable feature, particularly when higher order quadrature rules are being used.

### Languages:

NCO_TRIANGLE is available in a C++ version and a FORTRAN90 version and a MATLAB version

### Related Data and Programs:

DUNAVANT, a FORTRAN90 library which defines Dunavant rules for quadrature on a triangle.

FEKETE, a FORTRAN90 library which defines Fekete rules for quadrature or interpolation on a triangle.

FELIPPA, a FORTRAN90 library which defines quadrature rules for lines, triangles, quadrilaterals, pyramids, wedges, tetrahedrons and hexahedrons.

GM_RULE, a FORTRAN90 library which defines a Grundmann-Moeller rule for quadrature over a triangle, tetrahedron, or general M-dimensional simplex.

LYNESS_RULE, a FORTRAN90 library which returns Lyness-Jespersen quadrature rules for the triangle.

NCC_TETRAHEDRON, a FORTRAN90 library which defines Newton-Cotes closed quadrature rules on a tetrahedron.

NCC_TRIANGLE, a FORTRAN90 library which defines Newton-Cotes closed quadrature rules on a triangle.

NCO_TETRAHEDRON, a FORTRAN90 library which defines Newton-Cotes open quadrature rules on a tetrahedron.

NINTLIB, a FORTRAN90 library which contains a variety of routines for numerical estimation of integrals in multiple dimensions.

QUADRATURE_RULES_TRI, a dataset directory which contains triples of files which defines various quadrature rules on triangles.

QUADRULE, a FORTRAN90 library which defines quadrature rules on a variety of intervals with different weight functions.

STROUD, a FORTRAN90 library which defines quadrature rules for a variety of unusual areas, surfaces and volumes in 2D, 3D and N-dimensions.

TEST_TRI_INT, a FORTRAN90 library which can be used to test algorithms for quadrature over a triangle.

TOMS612, a FORTRAN77 library which can estimate the integral of a function over a triangle.

TOMS706, a FORTRAN77 library which estimates the integral of a function over a triangulated region.

TRIANGLE_EXACTNESS, a FORTRAN90 program which investigates the polynomial exactness of a quadrature rule for the triangle.

TRIANGLE_MONTE_CARLO, a FORTRAN90 program which uses the Monte Carlo method to estimate integrals over a triangle.

WANDZURA, a FORTRAN90 library which defines Wandzura rules for quadrature on a triangle.

### Reference:

1. Peter Silvester,
Mathematics of Computation,
Volume 24, Number 109, January 1970, pages 95-100.

### Examples and Tests:

One of the tests in the sample calling program creates EPS files of the abscissas in the unit triangle. These have been converted to PNG files for display here.

### List of Routines:

• FILE_NAME_INC increments a partially numeric filename.
• GET_UNIT returns a free FORTRAN unit number.
• I4_MODP returns the nonnegative remainder of I4 division.
• I4_WRAP forces an I4 to lie between given limits by wrapping.
• NCO_TRIANGLE_DEGREE returns the degree of an NCO rule for the triangle.
• NCO_TRIANGLE_ORDER_NUM returns the order of an NCO rule for the triangle.
• NCO_TRIANGLE_RULE returns the points and weights of an NCO rule.
• NCO_TRIANGLE_RULE_NUM returns the number of NCO rules available.
• NCO_TRIANGLE_SUBORDER returns the suborders for an NCO rule.
• NCO_TRIANGLE_SUBORDER_NUM returns the number of suborders for an NCO rule.
• NCO_TRIANGLE_SUBRULE returns a compressed NCO rule.
• REFERENCE_TO_PHYSICAL_T3 maps T3 reference points to physical points.
• TIMESTAMP prints the current YMDHMS date as a time stamp.
• TRIANGLE_AREA computes the area of a triangle.
• TRIANGLE_POINTS_PLOT plots a triangle and some points.

You can go up one level to the FORTRAN90 source codes.

Last revised on 29 January 2007